Entonces, empieza a masajear con él. Masajea durante 3 minutos en esa zona
D’Ambrosia R. The Ilizarov technique. Orthopedics 1989;12:495. Medline, ISI, Google Scholar
Evaluation of Numerical Performance
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Problem and Notation
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The purpose of this review is to present the state of the art for EOS® imaging, to report on recent developments and advances in this technique, and to stress its benefits while also noting its limitations, based on a thorough literature search on the subject as well as personal experience supported by illustrative case reports. The authors found that wedging is present even in mild AIS, that it increases with the severity of the curve, and that it was most important in the three vertebrae immediately below the apex. The importance of studying vertebral wedging is still unknown, but it could impact decision-making in the future as our understanding of scoliosis improves. Assessment of vertebral wedging Vertebral wedging has been theorized to be the major initiating deformity in scoliosis. However, this was not compared to the previously established gold standard (CT scan), and there is currently no direct practical application of the EOS® system for pulmonary evaluation of spinal deformity patients.
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11 spinal measurements on 50 AIS patients and 25 normal controls using EOS® 2D X-ray images. Reliability of a new method for lower-extremity measurements based on stereoradiographic three-dimensional reconstruction. In an attempt to further decrease the radiation dose, especially in children and cases requiring repeated radiographs for clinical follow-up, EOS Imaging® developed a new microdose protocol that can now be added to any existing machine. However, there are currently no clinical studies that evaluate the radiation dose provided with this microdose technique, given that it is still a new development. Moreover, 3D rib cage reconstruction using the EOS® system is still not available for regular EOS® users, as it is still under evaluation and therefore not commercialized. The images are taken in the standing position, allowing the spine and lower limbs to be examined under normal weight-bearing conditions. A well-trained operator can perform 3D reconstruction of the skeletal envelope, and about 100 clinical parameters for the spine and lower limbs are automatically calculated.
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Thus, the proposed controllers can drive the system to the desired position despite the presence of NZAM. The authors calculated its accuracy compared to CT scan in two of the patients, and found it to have good accuracy and excellent interobserver reproducibility and intraobserver repeatability for thoracic cage geometrical parameters. There was no statistically significant difference in intra- or interobserver reliability for the measurement of AVO between EOS® and 3D CT-scan, and both yielded similar measurements. There were no statistically significant differences between EOS® 3D and 2D manual measurements except for lumbar lordosis, where a 2° difference was found. пронизваща болка в гърба
. Precision of 2D measurements In a study that included the cervical spine, Vidal et al. EOS® 3D measurements had very high intraobserver repeatability for Cobb angle, thoracic kyphosis, and lumbar lordosis, and better interobserver reproducibility than 2D methods. For preoperative measurements, the interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility were excellent for spinal parameters and pelvic parameters.
By projecting the vertebra vectors, it is possible to calculate all of the parameters that define scoliosis which can be obtained from the 2D orthogonal images, and to determine the axial rotation. Each vertebra vector starts from the midpoint of the interpedicular line, runs parallel to the upper endplate of the vertebra on the sagittal view and in the middle of the vertebral body on the axial view, and ends at the intersection of this line with the anterior surface of the vertebral body (Fig. They performed EOS® biplanar radiographs on 49 AIS patients preoperatively, in the early postoperative period, and at last follow-up.